The Indian 5G spectrum auctions have received mixed reactions from industry players. The government announced that spectrum bidders will not be required to pay upfront, but they would have to pay for the spectrum in 20 equal annual installments, payable at the start of each calendar year.
The government hopes that this measure will simplify the cash flow requirements of spectrum bidders, reducing the cost of doing business in this sector. Additionally, bidders would have the option of giving back the spectrum after ten years, which is expected to be beneficial for the 5G rollout.
GSMA recommends operators support millimeter wave spectrum in the 400 MHz to 4 GHz range
The GSMA, the global mobile industry body, has recommended that policymakers support the licensing of millimeter-wave spectrum in the 400 to the 4-GHz range to help operators deliver 5G services at lower costs, lower environmental impacts, and meet ITU-2020 data speed requirements. The report was conducted by Colnago consulting, which looked at 36 cities in the years 2025-2030 and assessed which cities will need the most spectrum to deliver on the ITU IMT-2020 requirements for 5G services.
While some industry observers refer to these bands as 5G, this is not the point at this time. The focus is on encouraging the development of the next-generation wireless service. To do this, the Commission’s Technological Advisory Council has studied the idea and recommended initiating a Notice of Inquiry. Further, the report recommends that regional spectrum decisions be coordinated in order to facilitate innovation in the millimeter wave spectrum market.
While millimeter-wave spectrum is a promising option for 5G, it is also limited in its reach and susceptible to interference by objects such as glass. But this technology is not yet ready for commercialization, and the GSMA is calling for government support to advance this technology. If the industry can’t find a way to move forward without the support of governments, the GSMA has a few recommendations.
Although the proposed auction process only allocates 70MHz of the spectrum, it may attract mobile operators with more money and less risk than anticipated. The auction rules will prevent bidders from buying more than 40MHz of spectrum in one license area. Besen, the founder of the Besen Group, believes that CBRS will attract mobile operators to bid. In the meantime, more mid-band spectrum is likely to be available in the future.
Availability of a high-frequency spectrum is critical to the successful rollout of 5G services. To make 5G services possible, operators need access to a high-capacity, city-wide spectrum. The GSMA estimates that in the next decade, operators will require an average of 80-100 MHz of contiguous spectrum per operator. By 2030, the world will need at least 2 GHz of high-band spectrum per market.
In addition to high-speed cellular networks, 5G will enable massive machine-type communications. The proposed technology will allow up to one million internet-of-things (IoT) connections per square kilometer, long-range battery life, and wide coverage inside buildings. In addition to these benefits, 5G will enable the full potential of the Internet of Things and other popular mobile applications.
The GSMA has recommended that operators support millimeter-wave spectrum in the 400 MHz to the four-GHz range to improve network performance. This technology is a promising option for 5G network deployment, as it will increase overall network capacity and data rate severalfold. The resulting network will support high-frequency devices but will require massive new cells.
Reliance Jio is expected to be the first carrier to launch 5G services in India
The government recently announced plans to roll out 5G mobile services in 13 major cities by 2022, including Delhi. Jio, Airtel, and Vi have already begun 5G trials in different cities. The new network will eventually allow people to use 5G services to connect everything, including objects, machines and other devices. As with any new technology, it will take a few years to reach maturity, so 5G services will be available initially in a few cities.
Reliance Jio is a pioneer in the field of wireless technology. Jio is currently the world’s second-largest data carrier, handling more than 630 billion gigabytes of data each month. The company registered a 45 percent growth last year and has spent $57 billion to buy additional spectrum and upgrade network infrastructure. Jio plans to launch 5G services in India in August or September this year, as spectrum auctions will be held in June 2022.
While it is still unclear exactly when Jio will launch its new 5G services, there are some positive signs. Jio has already raised $20 billion from several firms, including Qualcomm, Facebook, and Google, and plans to use the money to develop its 5G capabilities. Jio has also asked the government to speed up the auction process for 5G spectrum. The government is still unsure whether India is ready for 5G yet, but Jio is expected to be the first carrier to introduce these services in the country.
Jio’s 5G coverage plans for 1,000 cities have been completed, based on data-driven network planning and customer consumption. Jio is also developing a 5G-connected ambulance, which could enable telemedicine and interactive AR/VR experiences for students. Its coverage plans are based on targeted customer consumption. With its high-speed network, Jio plans to make 5G available in India.
It is expected that 5G prices will be similar to 4G prices. Operators will add a premium to 5G services once they have established a large amount of coverage and a reliable data network. Jio is preparing for this launch and has already set up five-G trial sites in 13 cities. The company is working with the DoT to ensure a seamless launch of 5G services across the country.
Reliance Jio has announced several exciting plans for its next-generation network. Jio has already begun tests and received regulatory approval. It has also acquired a trial spectrum and is currently in the early stages of 5G field trials in Navi Mumbai. If the test network proves to be a success, Jio is expected to launch the next-generation network in India in no time.
As a result of the spectrum auction, Jio and Google Cloud will work together to bring a comprehensive portfolio of 5G edge computing solutions. The two companies will also explore the possibilities of building new services in other sectors through Jio’s 5G network. Whether Jio will be the first carrier to launch 5G services in India remains to be seen. And what does it mean for the future of the telecom sector?
Telcos worried about Adani poaching their 5G enterprise business
Despite its denial, Adani is now participating in the 5G spectrum auction, which means it can capture the airwaves for its private network. The company’s initial focus on providing private network solutions for airports and ports, rather than consumer mobility, has raised concerns among Indian telcos. This could have repercussions on the entire sector, and analysts say that this move could even help Adani snare more 5G airwaves than telcos do.
According to a report by the Indian Business Standard, Adani Group has expressed interest in the 5G spectrum auction, which is expected to begin in early 2018. The company recently made the announcement that it would use the spectrum for private network solutions and enhancing cyber security at airports, and for logistics and manufacturing operations. Nonetheless, Adani has clarified that it would not enter the consumer mobility space. That’s enough reason for the Indian telcos to be worried about Adani poaching their 5G enterprise business.
The latest rumor has Indian telcos concerned about Adani poaching their 5G enterprise businesses. Adani has recently filed an application with the Department of Telecommunications for a license for Adani Data Networks to offer commercial services. In addition to snatching up the spectrum for its own enterprise networks, Adani has also applied for a Unified License, which allows it to offer a pan-India service. It also filed applications for the Internet Service Provider (ISP) license for the Gujarat circle.
The government has taken several steps to ward off the threat of Adani. It issued new rules last month allowing companies setting up their own 5G networks to buy government spectrum and pay no license fee. But before it takes these steps, it has to do a demand assessment and get recommendations from the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. That’s why the DoT has taken a number of steps to ensure that the new rules are not counterproductive.